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Learning styles refer to the ways we prefer to approach new information. Each of us learns and processes information with our own special style, though we share some learning patterns, preferences, and approaches. Knowing your style also can help you to realize that other people may approach the same situation in a different way from your own.

Take a few minutes to complete the following questionnaire to assess your preferred learning style. Begin by reading the words in the left-hand column. Of the three responses to the right, circle the one that best characterizes you, answering as honestly as possible with the description that applies to you right now. Count the number of circled items and write your total at the bottom of each column. The questions you prefer will offer insight into how you learn.

1. When I try to concentrate…I grow distracted by clutter or movement, and I notice things around me other people don’t notice.I get distracted by sounds, and I attempt to control the amount and type of noise around me.I become distracted by commotion, and I tend to retreat inside myself.
2. When I visualize…I see vivid, detailed pictures in my thoughts.I think in voices and sounds.I see images in my thoughts that involve movement.
3. When I talk with others…I find it difficult to listen for very long.I enjoy listening, or I get impatient to talk myself.I communicate with my hands, or feel compelled to move around as I talk.
4. When I contact people…I prefer face-to-face meetings or video conferencing.I prefer speaking by telephone for serious conversations.I prefer to interact while walking or participating in some activity.
5. When I see an acquaintance…I forget names but remember faces, and I tend to replay where we met originally.I know people’s names and I can usually quote what we discussed.I remember what we did together and I may almost feel our time together.
6. When I relax…I prefer to watch TV, view a movie, or visit an exhibit.I listen to the radio, play music, read, or talk with a friend.I play sports, make crafts, or build something with my hands.
7. When I read fiction…I like descriptive examples and I may pause to imagine the scene.I enjoy the narrative most and I can almost hear the characters talk.I prefer action-oriented stories, yet I do not often read for pleasure.
8. When I spell…I envision the word in my mind or imagine what the word looks like when written.I sound out the word, sometimes aloud, and tend to recall rules about letter order.I get a feel for the word by writing it out or pretending to type it.
9. When I do something new…I seek out demonstrations, pictures, or diagrams.I want verbal and written instructions, and to talk it over with someone else.I jump right in to try it, keep trying, and try different approaches.
10. When I assemble an object…I look at the picture or a video first and then, maybe, read the instructions.I read the directions, or I talk aloud as I work.I usually ignore the directions and figure it out as I go along.
11. When I interpret someone’s mood…I examine facial expressions.I rely on listening to tone of voice.I focus on body language.
12. When I teach other people…I show them.I tell them, write it out, or I ask them a series of questions.I demonstrate how it is done and then ask them to try.

The column with the highest total represents your primary processing style. The column with the second-most choices is your secondary style.

Your primary learning style:  

Your secondary learning style:  

Now that you know which learning style you rely on, you can boost your learning potential when working to learn more. For instance, the following suggestions can help you get more from reading a book.

If your primary learning style is visual, draw pictures in the margins, look at the graphics, and read the text that explains the graphics. Envision the topic or play a movie in your thoughts on how you’ll act out the subject matter.

If your primary learning style is auditory, listen to the words you read. Try to develop an internal conversation between you and the text. Don’t be embarrassed to read aloud or talk through the information.

If your primary learning style is tactile/kinesthetic, use a pencil or highlighter pen to mark passages that are meaningful to you as you read. Take notes, transferring the information you learn to the margins, into a journal, or onto a computer. Doodle whatever comes to mind as you read. Hold your reading materials in your hands instead of placing it on a table. Walk around as you read. Feel the words and ideas. Get moving—both mentally and physically.

(c) Marcia L. Conner, 1993-2018. All rights reserved.

More information on each style, along with suggestions on how to maximize your learning potential, is available in the book Learn More Now (Hoboken, NJ; John Wiley & Sons, 2004). Learn about the book and read an excerpt at

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Assessments: Learning Style | Motivation Style | Direction Style | Engagement Style | Learning Culture Audit

Style-related information: Learning Styles Introduction | Motivation Styles Introduction